3 min read
June 19, 2024

Table of Contents

3 min read
June 19, 2024

Managing Loan Against Mutual Funds Amid Market Volatility

Imagine you're planning to buy a new car or maybe fix up your home but you don’t want to drain your savings. One way to get the money is by taking a loan against your mutual funds. This means you ask a bank to lend you money, and you promise your mutual fund investments as a guarantee. It sounds straightforward, right? But what if the stock market starts dropping? This can make things complicated for both you and the bank. Let's take a closer look at how the market can affect your loan and what you can do about it.

How Lenders Lend Against Mutual Funds

When you apply for a loan against your mutual funds, the lender (such as a bank or NBFC) assesses the current value of your funds and offers you a loan amount based on a specific percentage of that value. This percentage is known as the loan-to-value ratio (LTV). 

Financial institutions usually offer a loan of about 50% to 70% of your mutual funds’ current value.

The LTV ratio is crucial because it cushions the bank against the fluctuations of the stock market. If the market dips and the value of your mutual funds decreases, the loan becomes riskier for the bank. A lower LTV ratio means less risk for the bank.

Let’s understand the process with a scenario.

Imagine you have mutual fund investments worth ₹1,00,000 and you need cash for home renovations.

Step 1: Valuation of your mutual funds

First, the bank will assess the current market value of your mutual funds. Let’s say, in this case, your total mutual funds are valued at ₹1,00,000. This valuation forms the basis for how much the bank is willing to lend you.

Step 2: Applying for the loan

You approach your bank to take a loan against your mutual funds. You fill out an application and provide details of your mutual fund investments. The bank then verifies your ownership and the current value of these investments.

Step 3: Loan calculation

Based on the bank's policy and your mutual fund's valuation, they determine the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio. If the bank's LTV policy is 60%, they calculate 60% of ₹1,00,000, which amounts to ₹60,000. This figure represents the maximum loan amount you can borrow against your mutual funds.

Step 4: Process

  1. Placing a lien: The bank places a lien on your mutual funds equivalent to ₹60,000. This lien is a legal claim or hold on your mutual funds, indicating that the bank has the right to these funds if you fail to repay the loan. During the lien period, you cannot sell or trade these mutual funds.
  2. Disbursing the loan: Once the lien is in place, the bank disburses ₹60,000 to you. You can now use this money for your intended purpose, such as home renovations.

Why this works for you

  • Access to funds without selling assets: You receive the necessary funds without having to sell your mutual fund investments. This is particularly beneficial if you believe your investments will appreciate in value over time or if selling them would incur high costs or tax implications.
  • Continued investment benefits: Despite the lien, you continue to own the mutual funds and potentially gain from any dividends or appreciation in value, assuming the market performs well. This can help offset the cost of the loan interest, making this a financially savvy option if managed correctly.

Why this works for the bank

  • Secured loan: The loan is secured by your mutual funds, reducing the risk for the bank. In case you default on the loan, the bank can activate the lien, sell your mutual funds, and recover the loan amount. This security makes it less risky for the bank to lend large amounts.
  • Safety net with LTV ratio: The 60% LTV ratio acts as a safety cushion for the bank. By not lending against the full value of the mutual funds, the bank ensures that even if the fund's value decreases due to market volatility, there is still enough value left to cover the loan amount. This cushion is crucial in protecting the bank’s interests during market downturns.

Also Read: Myths and Facts About Loan Against Mutual Fund

What Happens When the Market Changes?

When the market goes up

For investors:

  • Increased portfolio value: When the market rises, the value of your mutual funds also increases. This boosts your overall financial health and can provide more leverage in terms of borrowing power or meeting financial goals.
  • Reduced risk of margin calls: With the increased value, the risk of receiving a margin call decreases because the loan-to-value ratio becomes more favorable. For example, if your mutual funds initially worth ₹1,00,000 increase to ₹1,20,000, the loan amount of ₹60,000 now represents a smaller proportion of the total fund value.

For lenders:

  • Decreased loan risk: As the value of the collateral (mutual funds) increases, the risk associated with the loan decreases. This makes the loan safer from the lender's perspective.
  • Potential for additional lending: With an increased collateral value, lenders might be willing to extend more credit to the borrower, enhancing their lending relationship.

When the market goes down

For investors:

  • Decreased portfolio value: A market downturn can decrease the value of your mutual funds, affecting your financial standing and reducing your investment value.
  • Risk of margin calls: If the market falls significantly, you might face margin calls where you'll need to either add more funds or sell a portion of the investment to maintain the required LTV ratio. For instance, if your portfolio value drops from ₹1,00,000 to ₹80,000, the LTV ratio for a ₹60,000 loan worsens, compelling you to adjust the shortfall.
  • Financial stress and decisions: The need to cover margin calls or manage decreased portfolio value can lead to financial stress and may force you to make difficult decisions like selling assets at lower prices.

For lenders:

  • Increased loan risk: A lower portfolio value means higher risk on the secured loan, as the collateral now covers less of the loan value, increasing the financial risk for the lender.
  • Managing defaults and recoveries: Lenders may have to engage in more active management of accounts that are close to or in breach of their LTV thresholds, including pursuing recoveries through the sale of collateral.
  • Cautious lending: In response to market downturns, lenders might tighten their lending criteria or reduce the LTV ratios they offer to new borrowers to mitigate risk.

Strategic Moves to Manage Volatility

For investors:

  1. Maintain a conservative Loan-to-Value (LTV) ratio: To safeguard against market fluctuations, it's wise for you to borrow well below the maximum LTV ratio allowed. This buffer can protect against margin calls during market dips, reducing the need for immediate cash injections to cover shortfalls.
  2. Establish an emergency fund: Keep a reserve of liquid assets that can be quickly accessed if you need to cover a margin call or other financial obligations without needing to liquidate your investments at an inopportune time.
  3. Stay informed and responsive: Regularly monitor market trends and economic indicators. Staying informed helps you anticipate changes that could impact your investments and loan obligations, allowing for timely decisions.

For lenders:

  1. Dynamic LTV ratios: Lenders can adjust LTV ratios based on current market conditions and the volatility of specific asset classes. During times of higher market volatility, reducing the LTV ratio can decrease the risk of loan default.
  2. Regular portfolio reviews: Implement a system for regular review of the loan portfolio, particularly the value of the collateral compared to the outstanding loan amount. This can help identify potential risks early and allow for proactive management.
  3. Enhanced client communication: Keep open lines of communication with borrowers about their loan status and market conditions that may affect their collateral. Educating clients about the potential risks and the importance of maintaining an appropriate LTV ratio can help prevent future complications.
  4. Risk-based pricing: Adjust interest rates based on the risk associated with the loan. Higher rates for higher-risk loans can compensate for the increased risk of default during volatile periods.

How Finsire Streamlines the Loan Against Mutual Funds Process

Finsire's API is a game-changer for lenders looking to streamline and enhance the process of securing loans against mutual funds. Here’s a detailed look at how integrating with Finsire can simplify and optimize each step for both lenders and their customers:

Comprehensive coverage with integration

Finsire is integrated with CAMS, KFintech, and MFCentral, ensuring comprehensive coverage of mutual funds across all Asset Management Companies (AMCs) in India. This integration means that lenders using Finsire's API can offer their customers the ability to pledge any mutual fund investment from any AMC in India as collateral. This universal coverage simplifies the process for users by providing a one-stop solution for all their mutual fund-based borrowing needs.

Streamlined processing from start to finish

Finsire’s API automates and simplifies the entire process:

  • Instant access to fund details: The API retrieves real-time data on mutual fund valuations and holdings directly from the registrars, ensuring that all financial decisions are based on the latest, most accurate information.
  • Efficient transaction handling: Whether it’s pledging, invoking, or revoking mutual funds as collateral, Finsire’s API makes these transactions quick and effortless. This reduces processing times and operational friction, significantly enhancing user satisfaction.

Dynamic LTV calculations and risk management

Utilizing advanced algorithms and real-time data, Finsire's API calculates optimal loan-to-value (LTV) ratios based on current market conditions and the specific risk characteristics of the mutual funds involved. Lenders can use these data-driven insights to make informed decisions on lending limits, thus effectively managing their risk. Additionally, lenders have the flexibility to adjust these recommendations based on their internal policies and customer profiles.

Loan analytics and proactive risk monitoring

Finsire’s API provides lenders with powerful analytics tools that track loan performance, payment patterns, and collateral value over time. These insights allow lenders to proactively manage loans, identify potential risks early, and take preventive measures before issues escalate.

In cases of payment delinquencies, the API also supports automated alerts and actions. If a loan becomes 90 days past due, the system can automatically notify lenders, enabling them to invoke the pledged mutual funds to recover outstanding balances efficiently. This level of automation ensures that lenders can manage risks effectively while maintaining high levels of customer service.


Navigating loans against mutual funds in a volatile market needs smart solutions that provide safety and efficiency. Managing these loans well is key to keeping financial stability and making the most out of investments even when market conditions change often.

Finsire’s technology make every part of the process easier. For lenders, it offers a strong system for managing risks, fine-tunes how much can be borrowed against funds, and improves the oversight of loan portfolios through detailed analytics. By combining these tech advancements with financial services, Finsire not only simplifies the borrowing process but also boosts the safety and efficiency of lending against mutual funds. This helps both lenders and borrowers deal with market ups and downs more confidently and effectively.

Join our newsletter

Get early access to our engaging blogs and finance articles
Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.